It continued to serve as an operations room in the early phase of the Cold War, closing in The operational infrastructure which was being put in place by Sir Hugh Dowding - in command of Fighter Command during the Battle of Britain - from March , which had its origins in his earlier position on the Air Council as Member for Research and Development.
Although historians have drawn attention to the production of obsolete aircraft notoriously exemplified by the Fairey Battle in order to achieve crude parity with Luftwaffe figures, the early development and sophistication of German radar technology and the speed and manoevrability of the new generation of monoplane fighters designed by Camm, Mitchell and Messerschmitt, there is a broad consensus of opinion that it was the infrastructure put in place by Dowding that provided the key to the incisive and economic marshalling of fighter squadrons which guaranteed Fighter Command's survival in the Battle of Britain of The essence of this relationship of technology to command and control has become familiar to students of the Battle.
It saw the system of Chain Home radar stations the first five of which became operational in , further to development work at Bawdsey and Observor Corps posts linked by telephone and teleprinter to the Filter Room at Fighter Command Headquarters Bentley Priory , where the plots were checked with those of adjacent stations before decisions concerning deployment and attack could be made.
In his detailed description of the 11 Group operations bunker at Uxbridge, Churchill wrote: 'All the ascendancy of the Hurricanes and Spitfires would have been fruitless but for this system of underground control centres and telegraph cables, which had been devised and built before the war under Dowding's advice and impulse'.
It could be said, indeed, that 'Dowding controlled the battle from day to day, Park controlled it from hour to hour, and the 11 Group sector controllers from minute to minute Wood and Dempster, So successful was this defence system that the Luftwaffe's own defences were realigned on the British model: one of the critical links in the latter's chain is the operations block at Deelen, now protected by the Dutch government. As a consequence of their historical importance, surviving examples of sector operations rooms within 11 Group at Debden and Northolt have been recommended for statutory protection, and two sector operations blocks on key stations in 12 and 13 Group to the north Catterick and Duxford.
This is the most important of all the fighter operations blocks to have survived, being in a much better state of preservation than the other Group operations headquarters at Watnall Nottinghamshire: 12 Group , Newcastle 13 Group and Box Wiltshire: 10 Group.
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RAF Uxbridge's principal function in the inter-war period was the training of recruits, for whom barracks built around an extensive parade ground had been erected in Close to the operations block is one surviving wing of Building 79 Sergeant's Mess , which served as an operations room before the completion of the bunker, and Building 79 The Stand-by Set House which retains original generating plant by Bellis and Morcombe. David Reynolds, ' Fulcrum of the Twentieth Century?
The Second World War. In The Burning Blue. The Narrow Margin London, This building is listed under the Planning Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas Act as amended for its special architectural or historic interest.
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Understanding List Entries. This copy shows the entry on Nov at Reasons for Designation All operations within Fighter Command's 11 Group were controlled from this bunker, which was built in and is remarkably well preserved. Legacy The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.
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James Holland is a writer and historian. He is currently working on a new history of the Battle of Britain. A good narrative history of the battles Alexander was involved in, with the added value of the commander in chief's own views.
GROUP OPERATIONS ROOM
After his first meeting with General Alexander in August , Lieutenant-General Sir Brian Horrocks wrote that: "By repute he [Alexander] was Winston Churchill's fire brigade chief par excellence - the man who was always dispatched to retrieve the most desperate situations.
All in all a valuable introduction to a gifted soldier who deserves more than then obscurity threatening his legacy. Products Authors Categories Series.
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vtaras.com Add to Basket. What's this? Description Reviews 3 After his first meeting with General Alexander in August , Lieutenant-General Sir Brian Horrocks wrote that: 'By repute he was Winston Churchill's fire brigade chief par excellence: the man who was always dispatched to retrieve the most desperate situations.
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A good narrative history of the battles Alexander was involved in, with the added value of the commander in chief's own views historyofwar. Britain at War - November All in all a valuable introduction to a gifted soldier who deserves more than then obscurity threatening his legacy.
African Armed Forces Journal, Sept